Alternative, Sustainable Energy
I have been interested in alternative, sustainable energy for longer than I can remember. In 2003, I convinced my wife that having solar electric panels installed on our house was a good idea. Today, I doubt she’d admit it was a good idea, but she long ago stopped commenting about how she could see the solar panels from the street in front of our house. On sunny days, we get about 80% of the power we use each day from the sun.
In the late 1990’s, General Motors produced an all-electric car called the EV1. I’m not sure why GM made the car because, a few years after it was introduced, they repossessed all of the cars, which were all leased, and then had them destroyed. My belief has always been that, once the cars were introduced and the oil industry saw how popular they were, Big Oil convinced GM to scrap the car. No one, who had an EV1, wanted to give it up. It was still early in the history of battery technology, so it would be almost 2 decades before the electric car got another chance.
Electric Cars Become Viable
Fast forward to 2016. I had been aware of a company called Tesla for several years. They started making the Tesla Roadster in 2005, moved on to the Tesla Model S in 2012, and then started producing the Tesla Model X in 2015. I was intrigued by Tesla because their cars were beautiful, all-electric, and had a range on one charge of over 200 miles. Tesla had also invested in a vast charging infrastructure, something that no other car company had done. The only problem with Tesla cars up to this point, for me at least, was that they were priced above what I could afford to pay for a car. As badly as I wanted an all-electric car, there was no way I could afford a car that cost nearly $100,000.
I frequently scan YouTube for videos that are of interest to me. On March 31, 2016, I happened to be scanning YouTube and I came across the live reveal event for the Tesla Model 3. During the event, when the Model 3 was introduced, the car blew my mind! Here was a car that would be all-electric, had a base price of $35,000, a range of over 200 miles per charge, and was stunning. After that event, I started devouring anything I could find on the Internet about Tesla.
I’m not a person, who spends $1,000 on a whim. Tesla started offering reservations for the Model 3 to anyone willing to pay a $1,000 refundable deposit. For the next 2 days, I pondered whether I should pay $1,000 for a chance to get my dream all-electric car. In the morning of April 2, 2016, I went to the Tesla web site and paid $1,000 to reserve my Model 3. Looking back in retrospect, I should have paid the $1,000 while I was watching the reveal event on the 31st. My hesitation relegated me to getting my Model 3 sometime around May of next year, instead of January. I probably only have about 100,000 people ahead of me in line for this car.
What is so mind-boggling is that there are about 1/2 million people all waiting to buy the Tesla Model 3. How many car companies can say that they introduced a car model and that they very quickly had a half-million people wanting to buy their car? Tesla is the only one. Once my reservation was made and it was clear that the car was actually going to be produced, I started putting aside what I thought my monthly car payment would be. I have since amassed a sizable down payment for my Model 3. Tesla opened up orders to non-employees during Thanksgiving week. I expect my turn will come sometime around March 2018.
I have done several things to prepare for the arrival of my Model 3. In October, I purchased a Tesla High Power Wall Connector. I installed it in my garage so that my Model 3 would be ready to be charged at home. I didn’t want to find that Tesla was out of stock for their HPWC when I needed one. I purchased a car cover for my Model 3, which is still in the box in my garage. I have watched every Model 3 video that I can find. I will not need much of a briefing from Tesla when I take delivery of my car.
The one experience I had been missing up to now was actually driving a Tesla. I didn’t see the point in doing a test drive of a Model S or X because those cars are out of my price range. I was actually afraid that, if I did a test drive, I’d try to find a way to buy a car that I could not afford. There was another way to try a Model S. I rented one.
There is a car rental service known as Turo, which is similar in concept to Uber. Individuals can list their personal vehicles to be rented on Turo. For my trip to Seattle this past weekend, I found someone who was renting out their Model S. For 4 days, I rented a Tesla Model S for $480. It was a steep price for a car rental, considering that renting from Dollar for the same amount of time would have cost less than $200. The extra cost was necessary for this trip. This was an experiment, of sorts. Would I like driving an all-electric car, complete with having to figure out where to charge it?
I met the Model S and its owner at Seatac Airport on Saturday afternoon. I had already watched every video I could find about the operations of a Model S. There wasn’t much that the owner had to tell me that I didn’t already know. He briefly described how to reboot the on-board computer, should the main display screen freeze. I knew how to charge the car, so the only other thing we discussed was the regenerative braking and the power that was available when pressing the “GO” pedal, as he called it.
The owner likened driving the car with driving a golf cart. Press the accelerator to go and lift up from the accelerator to slow or stop. He said it was nearly possible to drive solely using the accelerator and not touching the brake. That sounded very intriguing to me. The other warning he gave me was that, when I pressed the accelerator, the power would be instantaneous. There was a steady rain when I picked up the car and he recommended that I go easy because of slick roads. He handed me the Model S-shaped key fob and sent me on my way.
For the first 20 miles or so, I had to concentrate on my right foot and the associated pressure on the accelerator pedal. I found that, with the exception of the last couple of feet before stopping for a traffic light, I never had to touch the brake. This was seriously cool! Before long, I was not having to think about my right foot pressure. My brain quickly adapted to this new way of driving. Occasionally, someone ahead of me would slow suddenly and I’d instinctively move my foot to the brake, only to find that my car stopped short of where I intended to stop.
The other impressive feature was the power. In my Prius, when I press the accelerator pedal, there is a time-lag before I actually get power to the front wheels. When comparing the Prius to the Model S, the Prius is a bit like pushing one’s foot into a bowl of oatmeal. The Model S instantly responds when the accelerator pedal is pressed. Uphill, downhill, flat makes no difference. After I did a couple of quick accelerations, my wife politely asked me to stop playing around.
Where to Charge?
My weekend trip would take me north to the town of Anacortes, WA, then travel by ferry to Sidney, British Columbia, Canada. I spent 3 days in the area of Victoria, BC, in my rented Model S. In preparation for this trip, I had researched my charging options. The state of Washington has only 9 Tesla Superchargers. There are no superchargers in the Seattle area. Between Seattle and Anacortes, there are 3 superchargers; one in Monroe, one in Arlington, and one in Burlington. The Burlington Supercharger is the only one that is right along I-5. I had decided that, for the trip from Seattle to Anacortes, I would stop at the Burlington Supercharger and get as much of a charge as my wife would tolerate sitting in the car doing nothing. My wife was a good sport about the idle times charging.
The Model S was given to me with just over 200 miles of range. When I arrived at the Burlington Supercharger, I had just over 100 miles of range. I used more than the normal about of energy during the drive up from Seattle, not because I was driving aggressively, but because of the amount of water on the roadway. It rained hard most of the way up and electric cars use more energy driving through water on the roadway than they do on dry pavement.
There were 2 other Tesla’s at the Burlington Supercharger when I arrived. I made sure to choose a charger that was not paired with one already in use. After 35 minutes of charging, I was back over 200 miles of range. We left the supercharger and headed to our hotel in Anacortes. At the hotel, I had about 175 miles of range left. I wondered how much range would be lost with the car sitting overnight.
The next morning, I checked the car and found that it had only lost about 4 miles of range overnight. That had been one of my concerns and it was now not a concern. My other concern was where I would charge on Vancouver Island. The problem with a Tesla on Vancouver Island is that there is only one Tesla Supercharger on Vancouver Island. That supercharger is located in the town of Nanaimo. Since Nanaimo is located almost 2 hours north of Victoria, it was not an option for charging. I had to resort to other non-Tesla charging options.
There are a number of Level 2 charging options around the area of Victoria and Sidney, BC. These were not good options for me because level 2 charging is slow and requires the car to be connected to the charger for several hours at a time. The closest level 2 charger to my hotel in Brentwood Bay was a 20 minute walk, one-way. I wasn’t keen on the idea of leaving the car plugged into a charger that far away from me.
The city of Victoria has one fast charging option, which is located in the parking garage of the Uptown Shopping Center. The DC Fast Charger is operated by Greenlots. In preparation for this trip, I had downloaded the Greenlots app onto my smartphone and I set up an account. The owner of my rented Model S included an adapter to connect to a CHAdeMO charger, which is what was available at Greenlots. As soon as we arrived in Sidney, BC, we headed for downtown Victoria. I had decided that, if I could get a full charge at the start of our visit, I wouldn’t need to charge again until we returned to Burlington.
Before we arrived at the shopping center in Victoria, I got to experience something that all electric car owners have probably experienced at one time or another, range anxiety. I was already experiencing range anxiety, even before I arrived in Seattle to start this trip. It was the unknown part of driving an electric car and not being sure of having enough range to get where we were going. Had there been a supercharger between Sidney and Victoria, I wouldn’t have been concerned. Tesla Superchargers are simple. I had never used another charging source.
After we arrived in Sidney, BC, I switched the car over to metric. Being that there are 1.6 kilometers to 1 mile, it looked like we had more range than we did. When we arrived at the shopping center, I had about 140 km of range left. I knew that my wife wanted to do some driving around and that 140 km was not going to cut it. I was happy to find both parking stalls for the DC Fast Charger were unoccupied. I backed into one parking space and proceeded to get connected to the charger.
After trying unsuccessfully to mate the Tesla adapter with the CHAdeMO cable, I figured out that I had the Tesla adapter upside down. Once it was attached, I plugged the Tesla end of the adapter into the Model S. Next, I brought up the Greenlots app and started my charging session. When I hit the start button on the charger, I was happy to see the flashing green ring around the Model S charging receptacle. The main screen in the car confirmed that I was indeed charging and it reported that I would have a full charge in 60 minutes. That would give us plenty of time to walk around the shopping center. We ended up buying lunch at Starbucks and returned to the car to eat lunch.
Back at the car, the center display of the Model S reported that the battery was nearly full and that we had 423 km of range. That is when my range anxiety vanished. It was not possible that I would drive more than 400 km during 3 days in Victoria. I had no doubt that I would be able to reach the Burlington Supercharger without running out of power.
Giving Up The Car
The return trip to Seattle was mostly uneventful. I had several opportunities to talk to people about electric cars when they came up to the Model S and expressed curiosity about it. The last person I talked to was at the Burlington Supercharger. I was one of 4 Tesla’s charging there. I saw an ICE car pull up and the driver snapped a photo of the Tesla’s and the superchargers. The driver parked, got out and walked over to my side of the car. He told me that his son loved Tesla’s and he asked me whether Tesla gave out maps to show where the superchargers were located. I explained that the supercharger locations could be found on the navigation system in the car. The only downside to these interactions was that I was not in my own Tesla.
My wife and I stopped for dinner in Marysville and then continued to the airport. When I returned the Model S to its owner, it still had 90 miles of range. He had asked for at least 20 miles of residual range. I said goodbye to my first Tesla drive. I hated the idea of going back to driving an ICE car. April or May of next year seems like a long time to wait for my Tesla.
When I returned home and drove my Prius out of the airport parking lot, I immediately had an uneasy feeling. I accelerated and then lifted my foot off the accelerator. The car kept on going and it momentarily shocked me. During the 3 days I had driven the Model S, my brain had been programmed to operate an accelerator pedal that slowed the car when pressure was removed. It took me the whole drive home of about 35 miles to reprogram my brain back to using the brake pedal when I needed to slow quickly.
It has been 2 days since I gave back the Model S. If I could justify a $90,000 new car, I would go to Tesla today and buy a Model S. When comparing the Model S with the Model 3, I would still choose the Model 3. It felt like the center display in the Model S was too big. Two functions can be display at once on the Model S display and I would have been fine with half of the display and only one function displayed at a time. The single center display in the Model 3 is what really has me excited. Nothing more is necessary than that one center display. If I had $90,000, I would buy a Model S today just because I hate having to wait 6 months for a Tesla. It’s probably good that I don’t have $90k because the Model 3 is my car.